Why does the gum or cheek swell after tooth extraction? - IS

Why does the gum or cheek swell after tooth extraction?

Why does the gum or cheek swell after tooth extraction?

Numbness and swelling is a typical reaction for the body to the surgical intervention.

To extract a tooth, the dental surgeon must injure the tissues.

Most often, there is no need to worry about swelling of the gums or cheeks, but situations are also possible when the patient's condition should be monitored and it is better to make an appointment with the dentist.

Below, Invisalign Support Website provide answers to common questions related to the problem.

How long does the flux last after tooth extraction?

Swelling of the gums after tooth extraction continues for a different time.

The duration depends on the chosen method of operation, the condition of the oral cavity and the immune abilities of the patient's body.

On average, swelling subsides in 3-4 days, sometimes it lasts up to 7 days.

Complications are indicated by the persistence of the flux for more than a week.

Puffiness appears 2-3 hours after the operation, along with it, the effect of anesthesia stops and pain may occur.

Sometimes withdrawal of anesthesia is accompanied by a slight increase in temperature.

Therefore, the dentists of the Invisalign Support prescribe painkillers.

Maximum swelling is observed on the third or fourth day. By the seventh day, it should be completely gone.

Not only the gums can swell. If your cheek is inflamed after a tooth extraction, most likely the process began to develop before the operation.

What to do if the gums are swollen after tooth extraction?

Keep track of your body throughout the week. It is recommended to make an appointment with a doctor if:

  • On the fourth day after surgery, the edema did not decrease, but rather increased.
  • A sharp, throbbing pain occurs in the jaw, gums, or cheek area - do not confuse it with aching pain that occurs after the anesthesia wears off.
  • The temperature rose to 38℃ and does not subside throughout the day. There is a feeling of persistent weakness and general malaise of the body.
  • Pain in the throat while swallowing.
  • If you just have swollen gums after tooth extraction and there are no listed complications, follow the recommendations received from the dentist.

    The swelling will completely disappear within a week.

    On the second day after the extraction of the tooth, the cheek was swollen?

    Not always immediately after the patient's gum was cut, the cheek swells. Puffiness may occur the next day - this is also natural.

    Puffiness of the cheek may not be in principle, often only the gum suffers. At the same time, everything is normal if the postoperative recovery proceeds with the following inputs:

    • Body temperature on the second day is normal - not elevated;
    • no sharp, throbbing pain in the gums;
    • a day after the onset, the edema began to gradually decrease.

    Reasons for swollen cheek after tooth extraction?

    Swellings appear due to the inflammatory process occurring in the mucosa and pulp after surgery. This is a non-infectious inflammation. With the correct operation and the fulfillment of the surgeon's prescriptions, the swelling disappears painlessly and without the need for antibiotics.

    The integrity of the oral mucosa is violated during the intervention of a doctor. The more swollen the gum after tooth extraction, the more the integrity of the mucosa is violated.

    Severe swelling most often occurs in patients who have wisdom teeth extracted - they mostly have large, intertwined roots that complicate the process.

    The same applies to situations where inflammation began before surgery.

    Swelling of the cheek during the removal of a wisdom tooth?

    Working with extreme teeth is a complex operation. Therefore, swelling after the removal of wisdom teeth always occurs.

    Often, doctors resort to cutting the gums, after which stitches are applied.

    Two or three days after the operation, the temperature may be above 37℃, and opening the mouth, talking and swallowing may be accompanied by pain.

    The risk of infection and serious inflammation is higher than with extractions of other teeth.

    The surgeon necessarily prescribes baths with an antiseptic solution, antibiotics. Additionally, it is recommended to eat soft, pureed food at room temperature, to refrain from sweets, alcohol and smoking.

    Other causes of swollen cheeks?

    If you have a tooth removed and your gums are swollen, the cause does not necessarily lie in soft tissue damage. Puffiness is possible due to such moments:

    • carrying out the operation under the condition of the flux in the patient;
    • difficult course of the operation - due to the growth of the tooth in the wrong direction, a strong inclination, the removal of large teeth with large, intertwining roots;
    • inflammation and infection of soft tissues or tooth root before surgery;
    • allergies or other forms of individual intolerance to anesthesia and medications used during removal - therefore it is important to know exactly which components you are allergic to before removal;
    • poor antiseptic treatment of the oral cavity and mistakes made by the doctor during tooth extraction;
    • chronic diseases leading to complicated recovery - neuralgic, hypertension, as well as a general decline in the body's immune functions;
    • ignoring prescriptions received from the dentist - for example, self-adjusting the dosage or choosing not to take antibiotics.

    Most often, the tumor does not subside in patients after tooth extraction due to the lack of normal care - skipping medication, complete absence or insufficiently frequent disinfectant treatment.

    How to get rid of puffy cheeks?

    It is impossible to get rid of edema 100% before the cessation of the inflammatory process.

    To reduce discomfort and pain, you can apply cooling compresses for 7-10 minutes with a break of 30-40 minutes.

    It helps to take painkillers, baths and rinses with soothing solutions at room temperature.

    How to remove cheek swelling after tooth extraction at home?

    Avoid contact with the well. It should not be touched with the tongue, brushed or allowed to get into food.

    Stick to food restrictions. Within 4 hours after removal, you can not eat or drink. In the coming week, food should be soft, at room temperature, not spicy or spicy. Eating sweets is undesirable.

    In the first 3-4 hours after removal, apply cooling compresses to the cheek. It is optimal to keep the compress for 3-5 minutes, maximum - 10-15. The compress can be done only on the first day.

    Rinse your mouth with an antiseptic solution. The main thing is to follow all the instructions of the dentist.


    All information and articles available on this site are for educational purposes only. The information given here should not be used without any expert advice for the diagnosis or treatment of any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified doctor for medical examination and treatment.

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